Type 1 Diabetes is a life-long condition that occurs due to the lack of insulin in the body. The role of insulin is crucial for nourishing the cells of an individual. Without its presence, the immune system can get affected as well. This is because the cells will not be strong enough to fight foreign and unwanted substances that penetrate into the system. Thus, children and young adults suffering from Type 1 diabetes are known to have a weakened immune system. Along with this, excessive glucose in their bloodstream tends to raise blood sugar or blood pressure levels on a regular basis.
It has been observed that patients suffering from Type 1 diabetes tend to exhibit subtle signs and symptoms of the disease. However, one of the common tell-tale signs is increased thirst even when an adequate amount of water has been consumed by an individual. Following this, an increased hunger, especially after consuming a substantial meal is an indicator of Type 1 diabetes. Some patients might also have a dry mouth, increased urination, nausea, and vomiting. In other cases, a blurred vision has known to be an alarming sign of this condition. Shortness of breath, skin allergies such as rashes, fatigue, and mood swings are other symptoms of Type 1 diabetes. As a lot of these signs overlap with Type 2 diabetes, getting a fasting test for diabetes is important from a reputed pathology lab.
People who have this condition cannot produce insulin in the pancreas during their entire life span. This leads to disruption in the proper functioning of the beta cells as well as an excessive amount of glucose present in the blood. The cause of Type 1 diabetes in children and teenagers is not known as of now. According to researches, certain genes can lead to the development of this life-long disease in an individual. However, it is believed that an infection acts as a trigger, after which the full-blown effect of this disease is experienced by the patient you can also know what do you get when you cross a mentally ill loner.
The diagnosis of Type 1 diabetes can be done by conducting several types of blood tests in young children. The HbA1c or Haemoglobin A1c test can help in analyzing the blood sugar levels of a patient for consecutive months. This helps in making proper diagnoses and further ensures that the treatment plan is suitable for the patient. As this disease cannot be cured, the main purpose of seeking medical help is to maintain the blood sugar levels in the body. Without this, the rise in blood sugar can lead to further health problems and harm other organs drastically. Besides this, patients with Type 1 diabetes need to be given insulin shots on a daily basis. Each medication prescribed by the doctor has to be consumed at the same time every day. Moreover, lifestyle changes such as eating a healthy diet, reducing junk food consumption, and exercising daily are highly advised to patients as well.
Patients with Type 1 diabetes can lead a long and happy life if they take their health seriously. Additionally, it is advised that a well-reputed endocrinologist is consulted for managing this condition properly.